Myopia | Short-sightedness2021-10-05T13:10:43+00:00

What you need to know about myopia or short-sightedness

Learn more about myopia or short-sightedness and your treatment options
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What is myopia?

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Who can we help?

We do our best to understand your needs and aims so we can offer you the best vision correction options
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It’s worrying, because you know that good vision is essential for them to not fall behind, both developmentally and socially. So, you’re looking for a child-friendly and affordable eye doctor who can help give your child the best opportunity to live a visually able life.

woman on phone and laptop


They get in the way of your lifestyle and are burning a hole in your finances. You feel frustrated and inconvenienced by them and you’d very much like to be rid of them. Importantly, you don’t want to subject the safety of your eyes to a cheap deal and you don’t want to pay more than what’s fair.

man holding glasses and looking at phone


You own multiple pairs of reading glasses or varifocals. While they’re a fact of ageing, you don’t feel like you should need them yet. You’d really like to get rid of them but you’re nowhere near ready for cataract surgery. If only there was a procedure as safe and effective as LASIK, but for someone like you…

a woman painting


Your sight is deteriorating, and the daily routine is becoming a bit of a struggle.

You want to be active and independent, but cumbersome glasses keep letting you down.

Wouldn’t it be amazing to have your natural vision restored and to regain that freedom?

What do patients with Myopia experience?

The answer is simple – they feel limited and not in charge of their life

The world feels different with glasses on

You’ve gotten used to facial furniture you wear day in and day out. But the headaches, eyestrain and squinting will never be fun.

Contact lenses can be bothersome and risky

Fortunately, glasses and contact lenses can improve short-sightedness. But, if you dislike the way your glasses look or feel, or if the high risk of contact lens infection worries you, then this isn’t a great solution. Research also shows that your eyes are safer with laser eye surgery than contact lenses.

Dreaming of 20/20, spectacle-free

Saying premature goodbyes to spectacles is annoying and expensive, and with contact lenses, you are essentially renting your ability to see clearly. You often think about how lucky those people are with normal vision.

You prefer your face without glasses

It’s nice when friends and family pay you compliments on your glasses, but you rarely agree. They may make your eyes look unusually small, or detract from your facial features.

Don’t just grin and bear them

If you’re tired of your glasses or contact lenses, let us help you. With modern laser eye surgery, we can correct your short-sightedness so that you can enjoy life at all distances, free from visual aids. If you’re too young for laser eye surgery, we may be able to slow down the progression of short-sightedness with drops.

What do our laser patients say?

We are proud to make a meaningful difference to our patients lives
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Brilliant experience with My-iClinic for laser eye surgery. The team are clearly experts in the area, and I felt well looked after through the entire process. Honest, friendly and professional, I thoroughly recommend My-iClinic for anyone considering laser corrective surgery.

Priti Patel

Really pleased with the outcome of my lens replacement in one eye and laser surgery in other eye, carried out by Dr John Bolger and his colleagues. Wonderful not to have to rely on glasses all the time, just for small print. I was nervous before attending the clinic, but felt reassured and confident in their ability to improve my vision and reduce my need for glasses all the time. The testing, surgery and after care were first class, all carried out in a caring and professional manner and I would not hesitate to recommend this clinic.

Mrs Howell, Your Content Goes Here

Have been dreaming about laser eye surgery since I was 15. Can't believe that my eyes can actually see right now without contacts, woow. Will recommend your clinic to all of my friends. Mr. Bolger is the best.

Abbie Tillman
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I had a really satisfactory experience with my-iClinic and am quite happy with the results of the surgery and the aftercare. I would like to recommend it to anyone who wants to have any kind of eye surgery with them. Absolutely brilliant.?

Lex Bhagad
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I was struggling with a viral conjunctivitis. After 2 visits to Moorfields and the condition getting worse, I was recommended to My-iClinic. I felt instantly looked after, and was seen almost daily due to the severity of the virus. It has now been 4 weeks and I am well on the mend thanks to the care and patience of Mr Bolger. I also found the pricing of this practice extremely reasonable unlike most of private practice medicine.

Beverly Herman
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I’d highly recommend this clinic because of its nice, friendly and experienced team; they all are very professional in every aspect, you would get the best advise here! Also, the clinic looks very modern from the inside and you will just feel very comfortable and relaxed throughout the whole process in a place like this.

Valeriy Stepanov

Myopia / short-sightedness explained

In these toggles we explain what you need to know about myopia / short-sightedness

If you are short-sighted (also known as myopic) you can see things that are up close but can struggle to see things further away.

Almost all myopia is caused by the eye growing too long.

The average human eye should be about 23.5mm from the front of the cornea to the back of the retina. As the eye grows longer than this, the light stays focused at 23.5mm, but the retina moves back several millimetres. Therefore the patient has to look through a lens to put the image on the retina.

We can diagnose myopia with an examination.

Myopia is not just an annoying development but also carries potentially serious side effects. For each unit of myopia increases, the risk of permanent loss of vision increases. That is to say that someone who has -3 myopia is forty times more likely to have a complication of myopia leading to permanent visual loss than someone who is -2. And the risk increases forty-fold for every unit increase of myopia after that.

The World Health Organisation estimates that by 2050 there will be one billion people blind (as defined as unable to do work for which vision is essential) from the complications of myopia.

Fortunately, there are many amazing ways to correct short-sightedness.

Glasses can be a low cost solution. Contact lenses, although not always ideal, can be a practical one. But there are even more effective ways to correct vision now.

At My-iClinic, our specialists are experts in three types of procedures that can cure short sight, with or without astigmatism:

However, while SMILE laser eye surgery can easily get rid of glasses and give normal vision, it cannot prevent the complications of myopia.

Atropine eye drops can be used in children to slow the rate of increase of their myopia as they grow.

Discover world-class astigmatism treatments with My-iClinic

If you’re looking to live a life free of blurred vision and headaches, our industry-leading ophthalmologists are here to help you. After an initial consultation, we can discuss your situation with you to find the best course of astigmatism treatment for you.

If you’re ready to take that first step, either give us a call or book a consultation with one of our team members today.

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We are happy to work with the following esteemed organisations

Which best describes you?

Number 1

“I can only see clearly when I wear my glasses or contact lenses”

woman with glasses
Find out more
Number 2

“I find that I have to use my reading glasses more and more”

man reading with glasses
Find out more
Number 3

“I can’t see as well as I used to, I think there may be a problem…”

women hugging
Find out more

Book a FREE Screening to see if you can be free of glasses and contact lenses

The best way to find out if laser eye treatment is right for you is to have an in-person assessment. You’ll get a clear answer from our experts on your suitability and vision correction options.
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Affiliations and memberships

We are happy to be associated with the following esteemed organisations

Articles and videos to help you understand your eyes better

Learn more about the conditions we treat
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Choosing the right vision correction clinic is hard. We’ve made it easy with this Price Comparison guide

Save hours of research by getting this free price comparison report comparing every top laser eye surgery clinic in London.
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Compare with other relevant eye conditions

Eye conditions are frequently misunderstood, so here’s a quick overview of the ones we most commonly treat


Astigmatism is caused by abnormalities in the cornea and the lens.

If you have astigmatism, the front of your eye is not a perfectly round shape like a football. Instead, it is more oval like a rugby ball. This gives the front of your eye an asymmetric curvature, so light scatters as it goes into your eye. This produces a jagged and slightly distorted image. Learn more about astigmatism here.

Treatments for astigmatism


A cataract is the clouding of your natural eye lens.

The natural lens is just behind the pupil of your eye, and it helps to make a clear image on your retina. Usually, this lens is crystal clear.

As a cataract develops, the lens becomes increasingly milky, causing a greenish cloudiness. It may also cause a glare in bright lights and change in the focus of the eyes, needing a frequent replacement of your glasses. Eventually, the sight does not improve with a change of glasses. Find more information on cataracts here.

Treatments for cataract


Glaucoma is a condition that causes the pressure inside the eye to be too high. If left untreated, this excessive pressure can damage the nerve that carries the vision to the brain; in severe cases, this can lead to blindness. Learn more about glaucoma here.

Treatments for glaucoma

  • Eye drops
  • Eye surgery

Hyperopia / Long-sightedness

Long-sighted – also known as hypermetropia or hyperopia – is when you cannot see things up close. It’s exactly the opposite problem to short-sightedness. Learn more about long-sightedness here.

Treatments for long-sightedness


Keratoconus is an eye condition that affects the shape of your eye. Rather than your eye growing in a sphere shape, it grows in a cone-shape causing your cornea to progressively thin and bulge.

Keratoconus can cause significant visual impairment, or it can go unnoticed, and your vision remains normal. Learn more about keratoconus here.

Treatments for keratoconus

  • Corneal cross-linking
  • Contacts
  • Eye glasses

Lazy eyes

The usual cause of having a lazy eye is when the eye is very out of focus as a child. This leads to the brain ignoring the image from that eye, and the brain doesn’t upload the software necessary to analyse the vision. Learn more about lazy eye here.


The treatment of amblyopia or lazy eye is to patch the good eye in order to force the lazy eye to work harder.

Treatment is only effective in children under the age of seven.

Myopia / Short-sightedness

If you are short-sighted (also known as myopic) you can see things that are up close but can struggle to see things further away. This is because light entering the eye is focused in front of the retina when it should focus on the retina. It focuses too soon. Learn more about short-sightedness here.

Treatments for short-sightedness


Usually, between the ages of about 45 and 55, the autofocus mechanism in our eye gradually fails. When this happens, we have to increasingly rely on glasses to read computer screens or printed matter. Learn more about presbyopia here.

Treatments for presbyopia

  • Reading glasses
  • Refractive lens exchange

For more information about laser eye surgery…

Educate yourself further by reading the links below

The NHS provides an overview of laser eye surgery, including any risks that may be involved. Click here for more information.

The Royal College of Ophthalmologists provides a guide on laser vision correction and has everything you need to know before a consultation. Click here for more information.

The NCBI has a great abstract on the conditions treated with laser vision correction, as well as what the treatment entails. Click here for more information.

WebMD has a handy guide on laser eye surgery. Click here for more information.

About Our London Eye Clinic Experts

Meet the My-iClinic founders, Mr John Bolger and Ms Bola Odufuwa. Two consultant eye surgeons who made it their life goal to make your life better.

Image of Bola Odufuwa

Bola Odufuwa-Bolger

Consultant Ophthalmologist
Clinic Director

Bola Odufuwa is a consultant ophthalmologist at The Royal Free Hospital and My-iClinic. Her specialities include cataract, glaucoma, paediatric, and laser refractive surgery. Bola has had extensive training at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, where she gained expertise in the management of various eye conditions.

Bola Odufuwa’s special interests include optimal refractive outcomes following cataract surgery, non-penetrating glaucoma surgery, and assessment eyesight in children with special needs: particularly dyslexia and autism.

Image of John Bolger

Mr John Bolger

Consultant Ophthalmologist
Clinic Director

John Bolger is a Consultant Ophthalmologist and Clinic Director at My-iClinic. His specialities include ophthalmology, laser refractive surgery (SMILE, Presbyond, LASIK, PRK, PTK), refractive lens exchange (RLE), cataract surgery, glaucoma treatment and macular degeneration.

Over the course of his career, John Bolger has carried out over 35,000 cataract operations, 20 of which were for eye surgeons. He has also taught over 1500 young ophthalmologists worldwide as they begin their surgical careers.

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